Prescription drug abuse is widespread in the United States, where five percent of the world’s population consumes 75 percent of its prescription medications.
Prescription drug abuse is characterized by using prescription drugs for non-medical purposes or taking prescriptions other than as directed. Over time, prescription drug abuse can lead to addiction, which is a chronic and relapsing disease that changes the physical structures and functions of the brain.
Getting help for a prescription drug abuse problem through a Drug Treatment Centers Concord NC is essential for preventing addiction and devastating mental and physical health problems that typically result from long-term abuse or addiction. Call (704) 490-4263.
The most commonly abused drugs are those that fall into Schedules II and IV of the Controlled Substances Act. While Schedule I drugs are illegal substances that are highly addictive and have no medical value, such as heroin and ecstasy, drugs in subsequent Schedules have medical value and a high risk of addiction. The drugs on each Schedule are considered to be less addictive than the ones on the Schedule before it.
Signs are indicators of a condition that others are able to see, such as changes in behavior. Symptoms are indicators of a condition that the person with the condition will feel. While signs and symptoms of prescription drug abuse vary widely depending on the drug of abuse, common signs and symptoms of prescription medication abuse in general include:
While each prescription medication has its own long-term effects on physical and mental health, some general health risks associated with prescription drug abuse include:
If the abuse of prescription drugs has led to addiction, the first step in rehab will be medical detox, during which the physical addiction will be broken with the help of medications administered to alleviate symptoms of withdrawal. These medications include Subutex and Methadone for opiate withdrawal and bupropion for stimulant withdrawal. Sedative withdrawal is a tapering off process, since there are no medications to treat the potentially dangerous shifts in body function associated with detox from sedatives.
The second phase of drug rehab is treatment, which utilizes various addiction treatment therapies to address the complex psychological aspects of abuse or addiction, which may include co-occurring mental illnesses and secondary behavioral addictions that stem from engaging in certain behaviors like sex or gambling while under the influence of drugs. Treatment therapies include group counseling, family therapy, and individual cognitive and behavioral therapies to help patients identify and change self-destructive thoughts and replace harmful behaviors with healthy ones.
A relapse prevention program is individualized and implemented after the successful completion of treatment to help promote long-term sobriety. Aftercare plans typically include ongoing therapy, participation in community recovery groups, and other components based on the individual’s unique needs.
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